Planning for the future. Reducing the spread of anthrax would require eliminating the source of the bacillus itself, such as the spores on letters sent through the mail, since anthrax has very little risk of transmission from person to person. All of these organizations contribute to the health of the public and are part of the public health system. Planning for a bioterrorist event from a local perspective. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , 6 4 ,
Public health nurses may be engaged in the actual delivery of the treatment and prophylaxis to individuals. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , 6 4 , The use of firearms has increased by youth. Prior to the literature had examined the biological agents most likely to be developed into weapons; and in many parts of the country we have set in motion planning activities related to an effective response. The first lines of detection of a biological agent released into the population reside with a physician or nurse who diagnoses an individual with signs and symptoms of the biological agent. The risks and challenges to the public health infrastructure are reviewed in order to place bioterrorism preparedness in a public health context.
Public Health Nursing Practice: Aftermath of September 11, 2001
Richardson, Casey and Rosenblatt examined the public health workforce in local health districts in Wyoming and Idaho. Public health agencies deliver services to individuals, families and populations using a framework called the core functions.
From Knowledge to Practice Ethics in Healthcare: Communities are ultimately responsible for the health and welfare of their citizens, and public health nurses have the skills to create coalitions for problem solving and decision making around managing bioterrorism threats. Lum and Tinker stated that the purpose of risk communication is to decrease the potential for alarm, provide information about options, mediate public disagreement about policy, clarify highly technical issues, and listen to community bioterrorismm.
A series of informational materials should be prepared, such as fact sheets, response protocols, and educational materials. Local health districts and the public health workforce: Public health departments at the state and local level are the primary providers buoterrorism public health services. The authors recommended that in order to prepare for the potential of bioterrorism, it is important that a bioterroris, base of these agents and others in terms of their use as a weapon, and also clinical skills in the detection, diagnosis, management, and prevention of the effects of a biological attack be developed.
New discoveries hessi the fields stduy manufacturing, information technology, health care, transportation, agriculture, and many others have changed the fabric of our society and the order of things.
Public Health Nursing Practice: Aftermath of September 11,
Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services. They state that the threat of an actual bioterrorism attack might lead to anxiety, acute stress disorder symptoms, and chronic post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Perhaps our greatest risk lies in the challenges of building a strong public health infrastructure.
Public health nurses must fine tune their skills in risk communication. OJIN is a peer-reviewed, online publication that addresses current topics affecting nursing practice, research, education, and the wider health care sector. Communicating with the public should be an ongoing process throughout a high risk and threatening situation such as an anthrax attack.
Psychosocial responses to biological and chemical terrorist threats and events: Participating in the policy formulation process is critical for public health nurses.
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice6 4 They concluded that small local health departments may not have the capacity to work effectively in all areas of the ten public health essential services listed in Table 2.
A review of the literature provides background material on the extent to which public health has evolved in planning for a bioterrorism event.
Sudy of Core Competencies and Skills. Communication for the purpose of informing individuals and groups of people about anthrax, their risk and needed response is a role for public health nurses.
The authors draw from the literature the likely psychological and behavioral responses to bioterrorism. Epidemiology Review10 One concern is that our public health opinion leaders need to be given legitimate authority and power to inform the public about these threats to health.
Bioterrorism: anthrax a case study |
Local churches may participate in health fairs, promoting physical activity and healthy nutrition. The competencies are relevant for bioterrorism preparedness and for a public health nursing response to bioterrorism.
They experienced inadequate communication between the health department and the investigation site and bioetrrorism access to effective information systems. The public health system also includes organizations that participate in the core functions but may not have direct responsibility for delivering public health services.
During this period of time when states and local communities are planning for emergency bioterroriem and increasing their capacity to respond to bioterrorism, public health nurses should be involved to assure that all aspects of the human and community response to health threats are taken into consideration.
The response to the events of September 11,has been felt at the individual, family, organization, and system level. Hamburg wrote that the shudy response to bioterrorism will be the responsibility of local government, including public health, and that the Federal government will respond as a supplemental partner.
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Health care access has declined since and the rates of drug-related deaths and drug abuse bioteerorism room visits have increased. Gallo and Campbell also reported on the public health approach to bioterrorism.
Risk communication is a form of communication used when the public is made aware of a situation for which there may be a risk.