DISSERTATION INTERNATIONALISATION DES ÉCHANGES ET MONDIALISATION

Since then, whereas part of their education is still accomplished abroad, injunctions to the internationalization of their pathway are gradually replacing those to their return. Thus, today, the injunctions of the internationalization of career paths replace those of the return to the country, and in so doing, offer the opportunity of internationalizing the career path. In the same way, from the conversation, we were able to pinpoint the representation of space and relationships with mobility that the individual employed to construct the rationale of his career path. So as not to cut their ties with the socio-cultural references of their origin in favor of those where they reside, they employ numerous strategies, aiming to stabilize the different components that they consider to be their identity. The impression of distancing gives way gradually to multiple presence mainly thanks to new information and communication technologies. This is a question of their identification with different lands and cultures, and thus representations of space and mobility. To this end, the return is often only a particular stage in the migratory path, and in no way constitutes a permanent settlement:

The impression of a multiple presence replaces in some ways the impression of distancing, for those individuals who feel they are able to act. What strategies do they develop to manage possible multiple belongings? Despite their return, they still use the media and ICTs to keep in permanent contact with their former country of immigration, which led some of them to say that they are tele-immigrants: By devising new paths and migratory strategies, they fall into a new circulatory dynamic which is among increasingly numerous countries: I am not speaking about a company, I am speaking about a country. Finally, by questioning their representations of mobility, the third part leads to a debate upon the existence of a new perception of space and borders which could be of future benefit for the countries of the Maghreb, and enable the populations concerned to have a more comfortable experience of their possible multiplebelongings. In reality, many Maghrebian engineers trained abroad can be considered as being in perpetual movement among their native country, host country and others.

I watch all the Moroccan and Algerian news…. Their vision of mobility as much as their relationship to their country of origin, without determining their path were revealed to be at the heart of their concerns. To show their attachment to their native countries, most of them demonstrate a rationale of spatial practicality,spanning their country of settlement and their country of origin.

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References to the profession diminish and mostly give way to questioning which seems sometimes to no longer revolve around the place country of activity of this same profession.

Un punto di riferimento

Eighty-five mondialiswtion interviews were carried out of Algerian, Moroccan and Tunisian students in training in engineering schools in France5 and qualified working engineersin several countries6. This cross-border dynamic, is not just exclusive to engineers who have internztionalisation abroad, but also concerns those who have chosen to return, and for whom conservation or thedevelopment of ties with the country or countries which they have experienced is essential.

What I know, I know already. What strategies should they develop to adapt to their new socio-cultural environment?

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From there, they were assignments that led to climbing the ladder…after 5 years I had become more or less the equivalent of assignment manager,…Then, I received an offer from a company in Paris.

Arising from the internationalization of training, when communication conditions have changed and now offer innumerable opportunities, highly skilled graduates manage their careersconfident of unlimited possibilities.

If the Maghrebian students adapt to their situation as immigrants with ease Balac, Introduction In the first years of independence, education in a foreign school was considered to be the best route to forming a new ruling elite for the countries of the Maghreb.

Thus their priorities seem to be based on the personal forging a career, personal fulfillment or family spheres rather than a calling to follow an imposed model.

Les conditions sociales de la promotion universitaire: The second knternationalisation presents an up-date on the experience of circulating within the spaces observed through the framework of the enquiry. These countries have developed suitable political and institutional arrangements to encourage their expatriates to return and contribute to industrial and economic growth via their professional ability and technological know-how.

This migratory rationale is demonstrated by frequent toing and froing between the country of settlement and the native country, on the part of the Maghrebian engineers who hold transcultural values Roulleau-Berger, and who have a multi-identity.

Following a qualitative study carried out within a research project on Maghrebian graduates educated in French engineering schools, this paper aims at analyzing the migration process of Maghrebian engineers.

dissertation internationalisation des échanges et mondialisation

By Mohamed Saib Musette. This is the case, for example, for Mounir, a Dlssertation engineer, convinced that his role as an executive in a training and computer consultancy office for Moroccan and European SMEs wishing to invest and set up in Africa, could have made him an ambassador for the creation of a branch of the CNAM in Morocco: Trajectoires scolaires des Marocains en France et insertion professionnelle au Maroc pp.

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That is why the situations confronting highly qualified and skilled Maghrebians today are different from those experienced by their predecessors. Whereas some of the engineers interviewed went back to Morocco immediately or several years after having graduated as an engineer and admit that they have little inclination to travel the world, they still maintain more or less solid and regular contact with the country or countries in which they evolved, for example through the media, by professional collaboration or by choice of holiday destination, without necessarily planning to return there to settle.

It also concerns those who returned home. Within the framework of a research project conducted between andover one hundred semi-directive interviews ofMaghrebian student engineers and graduate engineers were carried out.

Vol 41 1 Finally, if migration appears to be rarely definitive or uni-directional, the impossibility which is widely shared to determine a possible return to their native country, reveals the current existence of a transnational circulatory dynamic for numerous expatriates. Thus, they become transmigrants, touring perpetually between home and home Tarrius, ; ; ; Thus, today, the injunctions of the internationalization of career paths replace those of the return to the country, and in so doing, offer the opportunity of internationalizing the career path.

dissertation internationalisation des échanges et mondialisation

That is why,despite the initial statements, the migratory projects of certain engineers sometimes take on the form of échaanges long term immigration and lasting socio-economic integration. Since then, whereas part of their education is still accomplished abroad, injunctions to the internationalization of their pathway are gradually replacing those to their return.

What strategies do they develop to manage possible multiple belongings?

dissertation internationalisation des échanges et mondialisation

Finally, by questioning their representations of mobility, the third part leads to a debate upon the existence of a new perception of space and borders which could be of future benefit for the countries of the Maghreb, and enable the populations concerned to have a more comfortable mondjalisation of their possible multiplebelongings.