Maulana Azad worked for Vakil , a newspaper from Amritsar. Additionally, the proposal called for the “grouping” of provinces on religious lines, which would informally band together the Muslim-majority province in the West as Group B, Muslim-majority provinces of Bengal and Assam as Group C and the rest of India as Group A. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Gandhi Rao Pawar S. Abul Kalam Azad began the publication of a journal called Al Hilal The Crescent , in June , to increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims. He was unflinching in his opposition to it until the last, and is remembered best for this. Kamaraj Mother Teresa
While Gandhi and others expressed scepticism of this clause, Azad argued that Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan would be buried and the concerns of the Muslim community would be assuaged. It was as a leader of the Khilafat movement that he became close to Mahatma Gandhi. Muslim religious and political leaders criticised Azad as being too close to the Congress and placing politics before Muslim welfare. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Azad was introduced to the freedom struggle by revolutionary Shyam Sunder Chakravarthy. Azad also supported Nehru’s re-election in , at the consternation of many conservative Congressmen.
In the supreme executive of the Congress it is a personal loss. Although the movement stopped all over India, several Congress leaders and activists were disillusioned with Gandhi.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
Indiacountry that occupies the greater part of South Asia. Muslim scholars of the Hanbali School.
Azad stood by Gandhi with most other Congress leaders, but reluctantly endorsed the Axad exit from the assemblies in following the inclusion of India in World War II.
Retrieved 28 November At the Congress session in GuwahatiAzad endorsed Gandhi’s call for dominion status for India within a year.
Abul Kalam Azad
Taking charge of the Congress, Gandhi also reached out to support the Khilafat struggle, helping to bridge Hindu-Muslim political teluhu. During the Sepoy Mutinyhe left India and settled in Mecca.
Because of his orthodox family background Azad had to pursue traditional Islamic education. Azad developed a close friendship with Nehru and began espousing socialism as the means to fight inequality, poverty and other national challenges. But he was essy than a mere summation of the best in the past—its courtesy, its tolerance, its mellowness, its feel for spiritual values, its sensitiveness to humanism. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.
Azad was portrayed by actor Virendra Razdan in the biographical film, Gandhidirected by Richard Attenborough. Following independence, Azad served as the Minister of Education in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet from to Retrieved 6 July The leaders would generally avoid talking of politics, unwilling to cause any arguments that could exacerbate the pain of their imprisonment.
Azad occupied the time playing bridge and acting as the referee in tennis matches played by his colleagues.
Although frustrated at their incarceration and isolation, Azad and his companions attested to feeling a deep satisfaction at having done their duty to their country and people. Essay Short Words of Life Dr. The commission included no Indian members and did not even consult Indian leaders and experts. Mangal Pandey was born in northern India in Faizabad village of easter He was taught at home, first by his father and later by appointed teachers who were eminent in their respective fields.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Why Partition of India?: With his popularity increasing across India, the government outlawed Azad’s second publication under the Defence of India Regulations Act and arrested him. Although willing to support the British effort in return for independence, Azad kalamm with Gandhi when the British ignored the Congress overtures.
Jinnah and the League’s separatist agenda was gaining popular support amongst Muslims. Inhis father moved to Kolkata formarly known as Calcutta. Speaking vehemently against Jinnah’s Two-Nation Theory —the notion that Hindus and Muslims were distinct nations—Azad lambasted religious separatism and exhorted all Muslims to preserve a united India, as all Hindus and Muslims were Indians who shared deep bonds of brotherhood and nationhood.
But his views changed considerably when he met ethnicist oriented Sunni revolutionary activists in Iraq  and was influenced by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism. Violence claimed the lives of an estimated one million people, almost entirely in Punjab.
Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society. As the British policies of ‘divide and rule’ gained roots in the nation’s social psyche, Azad remained the staunchest maulan of the partition of India. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad at Wikipedia’s sister projects.
Just as a Hindu can say with pride that he is an Indian and follows Hinduism, so also we can say with equal pride that we are Indians and follow Islam. For the former Indian president, see A.