This is the frontier—the America—we have set ourselves to reclaim. Institutions of slavery, Puritanism, “equality of classes”, and democratic institutions have all been used as an answer to this question. He believed historians could help this process and had a duty to discover the truth about the past, using all available methods. A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in the United States before Turner. Philosophy of history , the study either of the historical process and its development or of the methods used by historians to understand their material. He held yet another point of view, differing from both White and Riley.
His deep, melodious voice commanded attention whether he was addressing a teachers group, an audience of alumni, or a branch of the Chautauqua movement. Turner and Roosevelt diverged on the exact aspect of frontier life that shaped the contemporary American. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. He believed historians could help this process and had a duty to discover the truth about the past, using all available methods. The bison herd still lives on the grounds of Fermilab. Wyman and Clifton B.
He also held a mirror up to America, allowing a nation to see itself clearly for the first time.
frontirr Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history.
A Comprehensive Review p. These examples go to prove that Turner was right in saying that the frontier created a new, exceptional person- an American. This page was last edited on 11 Mayat It explained why the American people and American government were so different from their European counterparts.
Census of had officially stated that the American frontier had broken up. Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power. You may find it helpful to search jackeon the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.
PBS – THE WEST – Frederick Jackson Turner
In this way Turner also became an educational reformer. There was no landed gentry who controlled most of the land and charged heavy rents and fees.
A Criticism of the Turner Theory”. John Perry Barlowalong with Turnerz Kaporpromoted the idea of cyberspace the realm of telecommunication as an “electronic frontier” beyond the borders of any physically based government, in which freedom and self-determination could be fully realized. Fhe, others viewed this interpretation as the impetus for a new wave in the history of United States imperialism. He most cogently articulated this idea in “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” which freerick first delivered to a gathering of historians in turjers Chicago, then the site of the World’s Columbian Exposition, an enormous fair to mark the four-hundredth anniversary of Columbus’ voyage.
The discovery of salt springs in western locales made it possible to now be independent of eastern connections, and as Turner argues, let the settlers advance past the mountains.
Turner’s contribution to American history was to argue that the frontier past best explained the distinctive history of the United States. Instead, according to Riley, Turner had only mentioned female contribution to the frontier as members of a family group, not individuals. A similarly race-based interpretation of Western history also occupied the intellectual sphere in the United States before Turner. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
Historians, geographers, and social scientists have studied frontier-like conditions in other countries, theesis an eye on the Turnerian model.
Frederick Jackson Turner
The winner of an oratorical medal as an undergraduate, he also was a gifted and active public speaker. White acknowledges that Turner left out certain elements—such hpw the Indians—but he does not use this as a reason to just dismiss what Turner had to say.
Such sources should cover a variety of topics, including politics, population, social customs, and trade. Turner first announced his thesis in a paper entitled ” The Significance of the Frontier in American History “, delivered to the American Historical Association in in Chicago. We now know that Indians—now more correctly “native Americans”—were not savage, less-than-human, beasts that wandered aimlessly looking to antagonize white settlers. Frontier land was practically free for the taking.
While these may have applied if Turner had not issued this disclaimer, the simple reason why Turner “left out the ladies” is because he stated from the beginning that it was not his intention to bring any particular group into his thesis. The more foreboding and cautionary tale which increasing numbers of Western historians have offered in place of Turner’s account has provoked sharp controversy.
Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as self-reliance, individualisminventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism.
Nash, “The frontier thesis: Boles, “Turner, the frontier, and the study of religion in America,” Journal of the Early Republic 13 2 pp.
Frederick Jackson Turner | American historian |
This is just an example, Ridge feels, of the widespread impact that the frontier thesis has had on American life. He cites British attempts to stifle western emigration during the colonial era and as an example of eastern control. It is through Turner that a new approach to history gathered steam in the twentieth century.