GCSE GEOGRAPHY EYJAFJALLAJOKULL CASE STUDY

The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine. Within Iceland many people were very lucky as t he volcano is on the south coast and the wind carried the ash southeast towards Europe: Over 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold. This was a problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better.

Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in , , and This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine. It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano. These particles clog up the engines of aircraft that attempt to fly through them, and this is the reason for aviation disruption. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. In addition, all of the countries in Europe have bodies which determine the safety of conditions to fly in.

This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe.

Although the 1,m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland’s eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. Before the eruption in the volcano is known to have erupted in, and Indeed, visibility was down to a eyjafjallajokyll metres and local cattle farmers suffered.

It is a relatively small volcano, and is located W of Katla volcano.

The IMO’s weather radar on the southwest tip of the country showed the height of the ash plume, which is eyjafjallanokull for calculating the distribution of the ash.

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The ash contaminated local water supplies and farmers near the volcano were warned not to let their livestock drink from contaminated streams and water sources, as high concentrations of fluoride from the ash mixed with river water can have deadly effects, particularly in sheep.

Volcano case study: Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland Flashcards Preview

The other complicating factor is that the volcano is covered by the Eyjafjallajokul l glacier. Finally, in legal and insurance terms the EU is well prepared. Many kinds of measurements are carried out by the IMO and other agencies eyjafhallajokull provide valuable information used to warn of impending danger, for example potential eruptions and floods.

gcse geography eyjafjallajokull case study

Icelanders are aware of their countries environmental hazards and understand what to do with the assistance and compensation available to them. Over 1 million flower stalks were unsold in the first two days and over 50, farmers were temporarily unemployed as their beans and peas could not be sold. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log eynafjallajokull This was eyjafjallajjokull problem because winds would have dispersed the cloud better. That means that the countries affected by this hazard responded by themselves or collectively, and had the capacity to do so.

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The main risks were to soils and water courses. It is the most southerly volcano on mainland Iceland before Surtsey in the sea to the south west. The London office gave information on ash which is based on information from the Icelandic Met Office. Animation of ash cloud cqse.

gcse geography eyjafjallajokull case study

This is creating the Mid Atlantic ridge, along which the age of the rocks either eyjafjallajokkull of the ridge and paleomagnetism have been used as evidence of Plate Tectonics theory. This led to high-altitude wind circulation, it blew clockwise spreading the volcanic ash close to the South and East of Iceland at heights of up to 7,m. The map shows the extent of the ash cloud, note it interrupts not just European flights but also Trans Atlantic fights.

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The plates are moving apart at a rate of 1cm to 5 cm per year.

Volcano case study: Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland Flashcards by | Brainscape

You are commenting using srudy Twitter account. Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention. The eruption began on 20th March and ended 7 months later in October The main risks are to livestock through fluoride ingestion from volcanic ash on pasture. The vent for the volcano is 1.

gcse geography eyjafjallajokull case study

Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention The Icelandic Meteorological Office monitors earth movements, water conditions and weather and issues warnings. They discussed creating a single European Airspace this would save money and would react better to future crisis.

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The name is a description of the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier. This means that many of the countries have great capacity to cope in terms of making predictions and preparing alternatives for companies and people stuck by the restrictions on air travel.

It was also categorised as both a fissure and explosive eruption.

At the time of the crisis the Icelandic Government operates Civil Protection Department, liaises with geological experts, emergency services, local populations etc. Earthquakes and Eruptions in Iceland from hjalli on Vimeo. Gography car companies and other forms of transport Hiked their prices as people sought other ways to get home, on my way back from France I met people who had paid thousands of pounds to hire a car to get them to Northern France to take a ferry.