He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early s, providing the foundation for Bose—Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose—Einstein condensate. In he was elected President of the 31st session of the Science Congress. He wrote a covering letter saying:. In , he was appointed as the National Professor, the highest honour in the country for a scholar, a position he held for 15 years. Quantum theory had just appeared on the horizon and important results had started pouring in. Bose attended Hindu School in Calcutta, and later attended Presidency College , also in Calcutta, earning the highest marks at each institution, while fellow student and future astrophysicist Meghnad Saha came second. Ranga Ravi Narayana Reddy Y.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. This paper was only four pages long but it was highly significant. Retrieved 5 December It is said that his marks in the MSc examination created a new record in the annals of the University of Calcutta, which is yet to be surpassed. Professor Bose showed that photons had the property of being strictly identical, which led to the well-known Maxwell- Boltzmann statistics in respect of an assembly of photons and laid the foundation for quantum field theory.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Erik GregersenSenior Editor. Satyendra Nath Boseborn January 1,Calcutta [now Kolkata], India—died February 4,CalcuttaIndian mathematician and physicist noted for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation see Bose-Einstein statistics. He continued guiding and teaching at Dhaka University. Initially his paper was not given much importance but when Einstein later realised the importance of his paper he submitted his paper to a prestigious authority and as a result Bose got the chance to leave India for the first time.


After completing his MSc, Bose joined the University of Calcutta as a research scholar in and started his studies in the theory of relativity. Bose returned to Dhaka in and was made the Head of the Department of Physics and continued teaching at the Dhaka University till Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Then he was in the fourth standard and scored marks out of Scientific Research in West Bengal.

National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Satyendda ed. Banerji Mirza Hameedullah Beg P. His research and experiments had influence on Einstein and they became intimate friends.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Satyendranath Bose. What is the probability of producing two heads? The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.

Bose—Einstein condensate Bose—Einstein statistics Bose gas. In recent years this statistics is found to be of profound importance in the classifications of fundamental particles and has contributed immensely natn the development of nuclear physics.

Satyendra Nath Bose

He was the only son, with six sisters after him. Bose chose mixed applied mathematics for his BSc and passed the examinations standing first in and again stood first in the MSc mixed mathematics exam in Satyendra Nath began his education at an elementary school in Calcutta before entering the Hindu School in He made deep studies in chemistrygeology, zoologyanthropologyengineering and other sciences.

a short essay on satyendra nath bose

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. He also studied theories on Statistical Mechanics by the American mathematician and physicist J.


a short essay on satyendra nath bose

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Biography of Mathematician Satyendranath Bose – Winentrance

He worked on many research and development projects for India. I do not know sufficient German to translate the paper. The reason Bose’s interpretation produced accurate results was that since photons are indistinguishable from each sayyendra, one cannot treat any two photons having equal energy as being two distinct identifiable photons.

a short essay on satyendra nath bose

Bosons all have integral intrinsic angular momentum—i. National Book Trust, India.

He set up laboratories and libraries to make the department a center of research in X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, magnetic properties of matter, optical spectroscopy, wireless, and unified field theories. This led to the prediction of the existence of phenomena which became known as Bose—Einstein condensatea dense collection of bosons which are particles with integer spin ewsay, named after Bosewhich was demonstrated to exist by experiment in Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

When partition of Bengal had become evident Bose had returned India and had started teaching in the University of Calcutta.